Gujjar's Global Gateway

Gujjar GalaxyCategory Archives

Prof. Dr. Faqir Muhammad Anjum ( Tamgha – e -Imtiaz )

Prof. Dr. Faqir Muhammad Anjum holds two Ph.D. degrees in Food Technology (UAF) and Grain Science (KSU, USA), and Post-doctorate from Reading University, UK. He is a Fellow of IFST, UK and member of several national/international associations/societies. He is recipient of Farmguide Hamdard Award and Research Productivity Allowances. He participated in many conferences/workshops. He is a Meritorious Professor and founder Director General of NIFSAT. Recently, he has been decorated with civil award “Tamgha-e-Imtiaz”. He has produced 27 Ph.D. and 83 M.Sc. students in addition to 157 research publications in national and international reputed journals.                                                                                                              Awards …………..                                                                                                                                           ..1. APO National Award 2011, announced by Asian Productivity organization, Tokyo, Japan

                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Tamgha-e-Imtiaz announced by the President of Pakistan on the occasion of Independence Day, 14 August 2010
3. Best University Teacher Award 2009 conferred by Higher Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad December 01, 2010
4. Quaid-e-Azam Gold Medal Award Conferred by Tehreek-e-Istehkam-e-Pakistan Council (Regd.), Pakistan on October 31, 2010.
5. Sitara-e-Pakistan Gold Medal Award Conferred by Tehreek-e-Istehkam-e-Pakistan Council (Regd.), Pakistan on December 25, 2010

Dr.Javaid Rahi

Dr. Javaid Rahi  born in, Chandak, Poonch, J&K in India is an Indian researcher and prolific scholar. He has been the recipient of a number of national awards, including a National Fellowship from Union Ministry of Tourism and Culture, New Delhi, in 2000 for his outstanding contributions in the field of Tribal and Nomadic Research. He has done pioneering work for the preservation and propagation of the Gujjar Culture

Rahi is a researcher, historian and writer of Gojri and Urdu Language. He has authored a number books in Urdu and Gojri and edited more than 300 titles and periodicals in different languages, published by the Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and languages.

He also headed various research projects including Encyclopedia of Himalayan Gujjars, Folk-Lore Dictionary of Gujjar Tribe, and Hindi-Gojri Dictionary Projects. He was appointed as Head of the Gojri wing of the State Academy of Art, Culture and Languages in 1994. Under his headship, the Gojri wing of academy has been able to publish hundreds of books in Gojri.

In September 2009 he was appointed as first Chief Editor of Gojri in the State Academy.

As National Secretary of Tribal Research and Cultural Foundation an NGO working on tribes of India, Dr. Rahi has done remarkable work in field of Tribal and Nomadic Heritage, Sociology and Economics.He has also worked as convenor of Gojri Language in the Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education (BOSE), under Ministry of Education, Government of Jammu and Kashmir and has introduced Gojri into the school curriculum up to 12th standard.

Literary Work in Gojri

  • Look Virso (1999)
  • Gojri Look Geet (2009)
  • Gujjar Shanakhat Ka Safar ( 2003)
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri (2004)
  • Encyclopedea of Himalyan Gujjars (2004)
  • Hindi Gojri Dictionary (2005)
  • Folk-lore Dictionary of Gujjar Tribe (2006)
  • Jammu Kashmir ki Qabaili Zubanain (2009)
  • Gujjar Tehreek (2009)


  • Sheeraza Gojri Monthly Since 1994
  • Maharo Adab Gojri Since 1994
  • Shingran Ka Geet Since 1994
  • Gojri Ka Lal Since 1994
  • Qadawar Since 2003
  • Paneeri Since 2005
  • Gojri Look Geet Since 1994
  • Gojri Look Kahani Since 1994
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri Since 1994
  • Gojri Zaban-o-Adab Since 1994

Dr Sabir Aafaqi

Prof. Dr. Sabir Afaqi, educationist, writer, poet, author and critic, born in 1933, village Gohari (Muzaffarabad) did his M.A. (Urdu), M.A. (Arabic) and M.A. (Persian) from the Punjab University and B.Ed. from Peshawar University. He did his Ph.D. in Persian literature and language from Tehran University (1968-72).

For Thirty years he has served the education department and the University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir as associate professor and head of Urdu Department.

Dr. Afaqi  is a well known poet of Urdu, Persian, Punjabi and Gojri languages. More than one hundred articles on different research, literary and socio-cultural issues published in different well-known magazines of Pakistan and aboard as well as 50 books on different subjects go to his credit. Till date over fifty research scholars, in different fields, have quoted him in their research works.

His special field of interest is research and study of regional languages and literature, history andculture of Kashmir and comparative religion. He has attended many conferences, on these topics, held in Pakistan and various countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Srilanka, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Macau, He is a member of several literary Societies at home and aboard.


  • PH.D (Iran)
  • M.A Persian
  • M.A Urdu
  • M.A Arabic
  • B.Ed
  • Associate Professor (RTD) Azad Jammu & Kashmir University, Muzaffarabad


  • He Started his career as a junior teacher high school (1952)
  • Promoted to senior grade (1958)
  • Appointed as second head master of high school (1963)
  • Appointed as head master of high school (1962)
  • Served as assistant inspector of schools (1966)
  • Appointed lecturer Urdu (1967-68)
  • Got scholarship from Iran government and joined Tehran University Iran (1968)
  • Got doctorate in Persian language and literature (1972)
  • Served as Professor in government collage Muzaffarabad (1972-80)
  • Served as Associate Professor AJK University (1980-86)
  • Got premature retirement (1986)
  • Full time Researcher (uptil now) (1980-2007)
  • Till now he has got two dozen national and international awards/shields
  • In the month of august 2007 the Jammu University has honoured him with shield.
  • The AJK university has established “Afaqi corner” in the main library.(2002)
  • He delivered lectures or presented articles in conferences, seminars, in Pakistan and aboard.
  • He is a member of several literary organizations of Pakistan like “academy of letters” (Islamabad) writers guild(Lahore), Bazmi-sakhun, Gojir Adabi board (Muzaffarabad).
  • The Azad Kashmir Government has honoured him with “sanad-i-Imtiaz”
  • He got two dozen Awards and shields from various insistutes.


Dr. Sabir Afaqi being Poet

He is a prominent poet of Urdu, Persian, gojri, Panjabi and hindku languages. The following collections have been printed so far.

Urdu poetry

  • Shahr-i-Tamanna(Lahore) 1974
  • Nae Musamun ki Basharat (Lahore) 2000
  • Sar-i-Janan ka dard (Lahore)
  • Khunda Hai Bija (Hamrous poetry)

Gojri Poetry

  • Phul Khaily (1976)
  • Sanjo Khalaro (1995)
  • Paygham-i-Inqilab(1997)
  • Kaisar Kayari (2001)

Persian Poetry

  • Gulha-i-Kashmir(1974)
  • Dar Justaju-i-Sayaara-i-Deegar (1191)
  • Sham-i-Baha (1995)

His Works in Prose

  • Kashmir in Islamic period Lahore
  • Raja Tarangini ( Persian translation of kalhan’s raja tarangini, (Islamabad 1974)
  • Kasrat-i-Nizzara (Urdu) travelling account (Lahore 1996)
  • Jalva-i-Kashmir (articles on Kashmir), (Lahore 1988)
  • Aks -i-Kashmir (articles on Kashmir), (Lahore 1991)
  • Gojri Ka lal (Srinager 2005)
  • Nagsh -i- Rang rang Urdu (Translation of Miraz Ghalib’s Persian Qsaid) (Karachi-2004)
  • Burma  mein Urdu (Islamabad 1989)
  • Rashhat-i-Abr, (Urdu) Biography of Ahsani  ginnuri (Muzaffarabad 1997)
  • Gojri Adab (Panjabi) (Lahore 1985)
  • Bhullein bisrin yad. (Muzaffarabad 2006)
  • Mansoor hallaj Urdu translation (Lahore 2002)

His works under print

  • Nayab hein ham (Urdu) biography
  • Muzaffarabad, (Urdu) (History of)
  • Safar nama-i-Kashmir (Urdu)
  • Gojri Zaban wa adab (Urdu)
  • In the land of lord (safar nama-i-Iran)


  • International Peace and harmony award by united religions institute(URI)
  • Sami foundation Award (Belgium)
  • Kashmir Adabi Award by Kashmir Academy
  • Performance award by Safeena-e-Adab
  • AJK University award
  • Azad Kashmir President Award
  • Radio Pakistan award by Radio Pakistan
  • National Kashmir Award by the daily Siyasat
  • Sami foundation Award (Belgium)
  • District Council Award by District council
  • Al-Kashmir Award by Pak Kashmir Society
  • First position award by URI
  • Shan-e-Gujar Award by GDCT Jammu
  • Man of Letters Award
  • Injuman Taraqqi-e Adab. Srinagar

Member of Literary organizations:

  • Writers Guild of Pakistan
  • Academy of Letters Pakistan
  • Bazm -e- Sukhan Yangoon (Burma)
  • Gojri Adabi Board,  Chairman
  • Gojri  Tehreek Gilgit (Pattern)
  • Member of Punjabi Alami Congress

Sahir Ludhianvi

Sahir Ludhianvi (8 March 1921 – 25 October 1980) was a popular Urdu poet and Hindi lyricist and songwriter. Sahir Ludhianvi is his pseudonym. He won the Filmfare Award twice, in 1964 and 1977, and in 1971 was awarded the Padma Shri.

Sahir Ludhianvi was born into the wealthy family of a Muslim Gujjar as Abdul Hayee on 8 March 1921 in Ludhiana, Punjab in India.His mother name was Sardar Begum.

The house where Sahir was born, a red sand-stone haveli, stands in Karimpura, a Muslim neighborhood of Ludhiana, with a small plaque announcing its importance upon the arched mughal darwaaza — the only effort by the city to remember him.

Sahir studied at and graduated from Khalsa High School in Ludhiana. Upon matriculation, he joined the Satish Chander Dhawan Government College For Boys, Ludhiana. He was quite popular for his ghazals and nazms in the college. He was famously expelled from the college within the year ‘for sitting in the Principal’s lawn with a female class-mate‘. About his expulsion, some accounts erroneously mention Amrita Pritam as the girl, but she never lived in Ludhiana. They met after the partition of India, when she arrived in Delhi from Lahore in 1949

In 1943, after being expelled from college, Sahir settled in Lahore. Here, he completed the writing of his first Urdu work, Talkhiyaan (Bitterness). He then began searching for a publisher and, after two years, he found one in 1945. After his work was published, he began editing four Urdu magazines, Adab-e-Lateef, Shahkaar, Prithlari, and Savera; these magazines became very successful. He then became a member of the Progressive Writers’ Association. However, inflammatory writings (communist views and ideology) in Savera resulted in the issuing of a warrant for his arrest by the Government of Pakistan. So, in 1949, Sahir fled from Lahore to Delhi. After a couple of months in Delhi, he moved to and settled in Bombay. A friend of his recalls Sahir telling him “Bombay needs me!”.

In recent years there have been many attempts to chronicle his life and times. Many books about him were published both in India and Pakistan. In 2010 Danish Iqbal wrote a Stage Play ‘Sahir’ about his life which was directed by NRI Director Pramila Le Hunt. This Play became a commercial success and had a dream run in Delhi. For perhaps first time, in the history of Indian Theatre, songs were used as narrative to recreate the life and struggles of Sahir. Many of his misty eyed contemporaries, Ramesh Chand Charlie, Kuldeep Nayyar and few others, thronged the performance with nostalgic ache in their heart.

Attempts are being made to convert this Play into a film on Sahir. Because the Play Sahir had characters like Guru Dutt, Yash Chopra and Amruta Preetam, it would be a tough task for the casting and depiction but it would be a nostalgic journey down the memory lane both for the public and his friends and admirers.


It was ironically appropriate; while the poet’s heart bled for others, he never paid enough attention to his own life.

His friend, Prakash Pandit once recalled how, after the Partition of India, Sahir was unhappy without the company of his Hindu and Sikh friends (they had all fled to India). A secular India was Sahir’s preference to an Islamic Pakistan.

Sahir Ludhianvi was known to be very egotistic[citation needed], perhaps as a result of his zamindar background; he fought for, and became the first lyricist or songwriter, to get royalties from music companies. Sahir insisted on writing the songs before the song was composed, against the Bollywood norm. However, some of his songs were written after the tunes were ready. For example,(Naya Daur 1957 – music by O.P. Nayyar). At the height of his popularity, Sahir is known to have demanded a rupee more than what was paid to Lata Mangeshkar for singing it. It was on Sahir’s insistence that All India Radio started crediting lyricists along with singers and music composers for songs it aired.

Famous works


  • English translations of Sahir’s poetry: LUDHIANVI, Sahir (1921–1980)
  • SHADOWS SPEAK tr. with intro. Khwaja Ahmad Abbas {Abbas, Khwaja Ahmad} pref. Sajjad Zaheer {Zaheer, Sajjad} English text only. P.P.H. Bookstall (Bombay) 129pp (intro. 7-12) 1958 paper only.
  • THE BITTER HARVEST tr. Rifat Hassan {Hassan, Rifat} Urdu & English texts. Aziz Publishers (Lahore) 169pp (pref. i-iii) 1977 cloth only.
  • SORCERY/ (Sahir) tr. with pref. Sain Sucha {Sucha, Sain} Urdu & English texts. VudyaKitaban Forlag (Sollentuna, Sweden) 114pp (pref. 1-6, essay in Urdu 106-114) 1989 paper only.
  •  Gaata jaye Banjara – A Collection of film lyrics


Published collection of Urdu poetry

  •     Talkhiyan (“Bitterness”)


Stage Plays, Documentaries and TV Productions on Sahir

In recent years there have been many attempts to bring him in sharp focus by using Theatre and Television.

  • M S Sathyu directed Stage Play Amrita: A Sublime Love Story had the first part of the narrative built around his enigmatic presence. Written by Danish Iqbal this Play was staged in Delhi, Gurgaon, Patiala and Banglore etc.
  • Pramila Le Hunt directed Play Sahir is a lyrical tribute to the life and times of this great poet and his revolutionary spirit. Written by Danish Iqbal in 2010 this Play became a commercial success and had a dream run in Delhi. For perhaps first time, perhaps in the history of Indian Theatre, songs were used as narrative to recreate the life and struggles of Sahir. Many of his misty eyed contemporaries, including Ramesh Chand Charlie, Kuldeep Nayyar and few others, thronged the performance with nostalgic ache in their heart.
  • Few TV Series on Modern Poets had episodes devoted to Sahir.


  • 1964: Filmfare Best Lyricist Award: Jo Wada Kiya ( Taj Mahal)
  •  1977: Filmfare Best Lyricist Award: Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein (Kabhi Kabhie

Mian Muhammad Bakhsh

Mian Muhammad Bakhsh was a Sufi saint and a Punjabi/Pahari poet of great repute; he belonged to the Qadiri tariqah. He is especially renowned as the writer of a book of poetry called Saiful Maluk. He was born in a village called khanqa peir-E-shah Gazi Khari Sharif, situated near Mirpur District of Azad Jammu & Kashmir).

He belonged to the Gujjar baradari and the Dedhar clan, he was a fourth generation descendant of Pir-e Shah Ghazi Qalandar Damriyan Wali Sarkar, who was buried in Khari Sharif. Pir-e Shah Ghazi’s khalifah was Khwajah Din Muhammad; and his khalifah was Mian Shamsuddin, who had three sons: Mian Bahaval Bakhsh, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh – the subject of this article -, and Mian ‘Ali Bakhsh. Mian Muhammad Bakhsh’s ancestors originated in Gujrat, but had later settled in the Mirpur District of Azad Jammu & Kashmir. He was poet of Phari language (widely spoken in different parts of Kashmir.

Mian Muhammad Bakhsh himself states in his magnum opus – Saiful Maluk – that he completed the work in the month of Ramadan, 1279 AH (1863 AD), and that he was then thirty-three years of age. Hence, he must have been born in 1829 or 1830.

He was brought up in a very religious environment, and received his early education at home. He was later sent with his elder brother, Mian Bahaval, to the nearby village of Samwal Sharif to study religious sciences, especially the science of Hadith in the madrassah of Hafiz Muhammad ‘Ali. Hafiz Muhammad ‘Ali had a brother, Hafiz Nasir, who was a majzub, and had renounced worldly matters; this dervish resided at that time in the mosque at Samwal Sharif. From childhoodMian Muhammad had exhibited a penchant for poetry, and was especially fond of reading Yusuf o Zulaikha by Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami. During his time at the madrassah, Hafiz Nasir would often beg him to sing some lines from Jami’s poetry, and upon hearing it so expertly rendered would invariably fall into a state of spiritual intoxication.

Mian Muhammad was still only fifteen years old when his father, falling seriously ill, and realizing that he was on his deathbed, called all his students and local notaries to see him. Mian Shamsuddin told his visitors that it was his duty to pass on the spiritual lineage that he had received through his family from Pir-e Shah Ghazi Qalandar Damriyan Wali Sarkar; he pointed to his own son, Mian Muhammad, and told those assembled that he could find nobody more suitable than he to whom he might award this privilege. Everybody agreed, the young man’s reputation had already spread far and wide. Mian Muhammad, however, spoke up and disagreed, saying that he could not bear to stand by and allow his elder brother Bahavul to be deprived of the honour. The old man was filled with so much love for his son that he stood up and leaving his bed grasped his son by the arms; he led him to one corner and made him face the approximate direction of Baghdad, and then he addressed the founder of their Sufi Order, Shaikh ‘Abdul-Qadir Jilani, presenting his son to him as his spiritual successor. Shortly after this incident his father died. Mian Muhammad continued to reside in his family home for a further four years, then at the age of nineteen he moved into the khanqah, where he remained for the rest of his life. Both his brothers combined both religion and worldly affairs in their lives, but he was only interested in spirituality, and never married – unlike them.His Formal Pledge of Allegiance

Despite the fact that he had essentially been made a khalifah of his father, he realized that he still needed to make a formal pledge of allegiance or bay’ah to a Sufi master. Having completed his formal education he began to travel, seeking out deserted locations where he would busy himself in prayer and spiritual practices, shunning the company of his fellow-men. He took the Sufi pledge of allegiance or bay’ah with Hazrat Ghulam Muhammad, who was the khalifah of Baba Baduh Shah Abdal, the khalifah of Haji Bagasher (of Darkali Mamuri Sharif, near Kallar Syedan District Rawalpindi), the khalifah again of Pir-e Shah Ghazi Qalandar Dumriyan Wali Sarkar.He is also said to have travelled for a while to Srinagar, where he benefitted greatly from Shaikh Ahmad Vali.

His Poetic Talents and Works
Once he had advanced a little along the Sufi way he became more and more interested in composing poetry, and one of the first things he penned was a qasidah (quatrain) in praise of his spiritual guide. Initially he preferred to write siharfis and duhras, but then he advanced to composing stories in verse. His poetry is essentially written in the Pothohari dialect of Panjabi,and utilizes a rich vocabulary of Persian and Arabic words. His works include: Siharfi, Sohni Meheinval, Tuhfah-e Miran, Tuhfah-e- Rasuliyah, Shireen Farhad, Mirza Sahiban, Sakhi Khavass Khan, Shah Mansur, Gulzar-e Faqir, Hidayatul Muslimin,Panj Ganj, Masnavi-e Nirang-e ‘Ishq. He also wrote a commentary on the Arabic Qasidat-ul-Burda of al-Busiri and his most famous work, entitled Safarul ‘Ishq (Journey of Love), but better known as Saiful Maluk.

He died on the 7th of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah 1324 AH (1907 AD), and was buried in Khari Sharif, not far from his illustrious great great grandfather Pier-e-Shah Ghazi Qalandar Damriyan Wali Sarkar. To this day many people visit his tomb with the intention of receiving spiritual blessings

Page 2 of 4